Minerals are inorganic elements that are necessary for the proper functioning of the body. These are micronutrients such as iron, zinc, copper, iodine, selenium, manganese, fluorine, chromium, molybdenum, as well as macronutrients such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and chloride. Minerals play key roles in various metabolic processes. These are: maintaining electrolyte balance, functioning of the nervous system, formation of bones and teeth or oxygen transport.
In sports, minerals are of great importance because they are involved in many aspects related to the performance of athletes, such as:
- Maintaining electrolyte balance. Minerals such as sodium, potassium and magnesium are important for maintaining electrolyte balance and adequate hydration of the body. This is crucial for the endurance and performance of athletes.
- Supporting muscle function. Minerals such as calcium, magnesium and potassium are essential for muscle contraction and relaxation, which affects strength, speed and endurance.
- Tissue formation and regeneration. Minerals such as calcium, phosphorus and magnesium are important for bone health. Zinc, copper and manganese play key roles in tissue healing and regeneration.
- Energy production. Minerals such as iron, copper and magnesium participate in the processes of energy production in the body. Which affects the performance of athletes.
Dosage: minerals depend on the individual needs of the body, the type of diet and the level of physical activity.