TYRAMINE (4-hydroxyphenylethylamine) is a biogenic amine that occurs naturally in various foods such as cheese, cured meats, wine, beer and chocolate. It is also a breakdown product of the amino acid tyrosine in the body. Tyramine has important functions in the nervous system, contributing to mood regulation, alertness and concentration.
How it works.
Tyramine’s action is based on its interaction with adrenergic receptors in the body. It affects the secretion of norepinephrine, a hormone and neurotransmitter responsible for regulating mood, alertness, concentration and metabolic processes. Tyramine can also affect the release of dopamine, which translates into greater motivation to undertake physical activity.
Importance of tyramine for athletes
For athletes, it can have beneficial effects on several levels:
Improving physical performance. Due to its effects on the adrenergic system, tyramine can increase blood flow, muscle oxygenation and nutrient delivery to cells. As a result, it can improve athletes’ performance and endurance.
Weight regulation. Tyramine affects metabolic processes, which can lead to an increase in the rate of fat burning and weight loss. For athletes who need to maintain a certain weight or reduce body fat, this can be an important aspect.
Improved mood and motivation: Due to its effect on dopamine secretion, it may increase motivation to exercise and improve mood and well-being.
Dosage: no specific guidelines.