VITAMINS AND MINERALS are essential nutrients that are crucial to the health and proper functioning of the body, especially in physically active people.
What are they?
Vitamins are organic chemical compounds that perform important biological functions in the body. They are divided into two groups. Fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) and water-soluble vitamins (B vitamins, vitamin C). Minerals are inorganic elements that are also essential for health. The most important minerals include calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, copper, selenium and iodine.
How do work?
They participate in many key metabolic processes, such as energy production, protein synthesis, cell regeneration and maintenance of electrolyte balance. They also take part in regulating physiological processes, such as blood clotting, nerve conduction, and maintaining the health of the skeletal system.
Importance for athletes
Athletes have an increased need for vitamins and minerals due to intense physical activity. Which leads to greater stress on the body. Proper intake of these nutrients is crucial for maintaining health, physical performance, faster muscle recovery and optimal immune system function.
Vitamin and mineral requirements may vary depending on age, gender, level of physical activity and type of sport. The recommended daily intake of vitamins for athletes tends to be slightly higher than for those with a sedentary lifestyle. However, it is worth remembering that excessive doses of vitamins and minerals can lead to disorders in the body. Dosage should be adjusted to individual needs.