SODIUM CHLORIDE – often known as table salt or NaCl, is the main source of sodium and chlorine in the human diet. Sodium is one of the basic electrolytes and plays an active role in maintaining the water-electrolyte and acid-base balance of the body. It also participates in the transmission of nerve impulses and the regulation of blood pressure. Chlorine is the main anion in the intercellular spaces. It is present in gastric juice (it is a component of hydrochloric acid – HCl) and in saliva.
Sodium is one of the basic electrolytes and plays an active role in maintaining water-electrolyte balance. Together with the aforementioned sodium, it activates enzymes from the amylase group, responsible for the digestion of starch. Sodium chloride – the recommended daily intake is about 5 grams for people who lead a sedentary lifestyle. However, this amount should be increased in the case of people undertaking intense physical activity, in particular athletes.
Dosage: occurs in supplements, in trace amounts as an electrolyte.