SODIUM BICARBONATE also called baking soda or sodium bicarbonate. It is a white, crystalline powder that is widely used both in industry and at home. Chemically, it is an inorganic compound with the formula NaHCO3.


Baking soda has many uses, mainly due to its buffering, neutralizing and purifying properties. It acts as a weak base, which means it can neutralize acids and reduce acidity. Therefore, it can be used as an antacid. It is also often used as a skin care product, cleaning agent and as an ingredient in baked goods. It reacts with acids, causing the release of carbon dioxide and, as a result, lifting the dough.

Importance for the diet:

Sodium bicarbonate is not usually considered a dietary component. However, its buffering properties are used in the treatment of heartburn and indigestion, where it acts as an antacid. In addition, in some cases, baking soda can be used. As a dietary supplement to reduce the acidity of the body and improve the acid-base balance. For example, in athletes or people with acid-base imbalances. However, caution should be exercised as excessive sodium intake can lead to health problems such as high blood pressure.

Dosage: when treating heartburn and dyspepsia, you can consume 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda dissolved in a glass of water, but not more than once every 2 hours. However, it should be remembered that baking soda should not be used as a long-term treatment, but only as an ad hoc support.